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ABOUT THE MUSEUM

About the Museum

ANTONIO FRAGUAS FRAGUAS: The Figure


Antonio Fraguas Fraguas was born in Loureiro de Cotobade (Pontevedra ) on December 28, 1905 . After completing his secondary school studies in Pontevedra , he entered the University of Santiago de Compostela to study Arts. He graduated in 1928 and obtained his doctorate in 1950 with a thesis on the College of Fonseca .


He began his teaching career as an assistant professor in the Faculty of Geography and History in Santiago, and in 1932 he married Teresa Martinez Valga Magariños : the marriage was childless . In 1933 he gained access to the corp of secondary education teachers at the Secondary School Institute of A Estrada . During the civil war , in retaliation for his stance as a Democrat and Galician , he was separated from that body. Some time later, he returned to Santiago as as Director of the Academy Menendez y Pelayo . He returned to the University from 1943 until 1950 , the year in which he became chair of institute, which he held in Lugo until 1959 , and in Rosalia de Castro in Santiago until his retirement in 1975. This long experience , coupled with his humanity and deep sense of love for the land as well as his virtues as a truly vocational and informed teacher, enabled him to leave an indelible memory on all those who were to received his teaching..


His link to “ galleguismo “ goes back to his youth in Pontevedra , where he formed part of the group which founded the Language Society (Sociedade da Lingua ). It was at this time he began to collaborate with the Seminar of Galician Studies, into which he was integrated in 1928 as a member of the Section of Geography, Ethnography and Folklore. In this capacity he participated in various archaeological excavations and collection of materials for display in the Ethnographic Museum installed in the College of Fonseca . He also took part part in some of the joint workshops focused on regional studies , including the Terra Melide. The sudden dissolution of the Seminar as a result of the outbreak of the Civil War put paid to the exemplary work of research into the historical and cultural roots of the regions of Galicia.


With the establishment in 1944 of the Galician Studies Padre Sarmiento (Estudios Gallegos Padre Sarmiento ), which took on board some of the members and patrimony of the old Seminar , Fraguas attached himself to this new institution , to which he would successively become librarian, secretary and finally director of the Section of Ethnography and Folklore. On April 19, 1951 he was elected member of the Royal Academy of Galicia to fill the vacancy left by Castelao , and , between May and November 1997, was acting president of the Academy. He was also a Fellow of the Galician Academy of Science (Academia Galega das Ciencias ) ,and member of the Council of Galician Culture as well as various other agencies and scientific bodies : Member of the Royal Academy of History , the Portuguese Society of Anthropology and Ethnology etc.   He directed the Municipal Museum in Santiago and was a founding member of the Museum of Galician People (Museo do Pobo Galego), of which he was President from its creation until 1989, when he was succeeded in this post by Xaquín Lorenzo FernándezIn 1974 he was appointed Distinguished Collegiate of the College of Doctors and Graduates in Philosophy, District .Letters and Sciences of the University of Santiago College . In 1984 he was awarded the Pedrón de Ouro as well as the Golden Badge of the Museum of Galician People . In 1989 he received thetitle of Adopted Son of Compostela and the Gold Medal of Cultural Merit . He was also honoured as an Adopted Son of the city of Lugo , as well as a Favourite Son of his own home town. In 1985 he received the Prize of the Foundation Trasalba Pedrayo Otero . The Xunta de Galicia , which in 1984 awarded him the Medal Castelao , and also its annual Research Award named him , in January 1992, Official Chronicler of Galicia. In that same year the Provincial Galician Government Authority (Diputaciones Provinciales gallegas ) awarded him the Pedrayo Otero Prize. In 1995 he received the Award of the Arts and Galician Literature, introduced that same year in commemoration of Galician Literature ..


Characteristically, and typical of Antonio Fraguas and those linked to the Seminar of Galician Studies,their work addressed the most diverse fields of knowledge: geography, ethnography, folklore , history and art . As an indication of the scope of his vast work we can mention some titles : A Geography of Galicia ( 1953 ), The Collegiate of Fonseca ( 1956 ), Santiago de Compostela ( 1957 ), The CollegiateFonseca ( 1958) Galicia ( 1973 ), Lugo ( 1974 ) ; Murguia, or Patriarch ( 1979) Galician Traditional Costume ( 1985 ) ; Contributions to the Cotobade Songbook ( 1985 ) ;Religious Celebrations and Sanctuaries (1988), Popular festivals in Galicia (1996). Many of his articles were published in magazines such as 'Nós' and 'Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos', and other journals, both Galician and foreign . A bibliophile of repute, he donated his collection to the Museo do Pobo Galego in 1994 ..


AntonioFraguas died in Santiago on November 5, 1999 . His unblemished and intellectual life had always remained firmly united to his status of “ galleguista “, a condition which he would never relinquish under any circumstances. By virtue of this , and as a member of a small group of historical “galleguistas”, he kept intact the purity of the ideologyoutlined by Castelao, Risco and Boveda , and earned himself unanimous respect and a prominent place among the creators of Galicia as it now moves towards the future ..


Objectives:

Objectives

To project, preserve and revitalize the heritage that D. Antonio Fraguas and the generation represented by him, created and rescued for future conservation of the historical memory of Galicia."


The figure

The figure

Antonio Fraguas Fraguas

Educational project



Xunta de galicia, Consellería de Cultura e Deporte

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